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The Scream

Edvard Munch

Edvard Munch

Edvard Munch (1864-1944) was a Norwegian artist and printmaker, his work can be categorised as Expressionism and Symbolism, he frequently incorporated psychological themes into his art. His most famous piece is "The Scream" which many have come to interpret as symbolic of anxiety experienced in modern society.


Symbolism began around the late nineteenth century and is a reaction to Realism. In Realism, the artist attempts to elevate the ordinary by painting everyday content, no deeper meaning is necessarily implied. The symbolist by contrast seeks metaphorical content and/or structure that is symbolic of some deeper meaning or great truth.


Expressionism is a modernist movement that began in poetry and art around the beginning of the twentieth century, though the definition can be used more widely, it usually refers to art around this period. A definition for expressionism in art is to be less concerned with producing aesthetically pleasing or accurate paintings and instead more concerned with evoking strong emotional reactions, often by radically altering the structure of the subject matter, sometimes with unusual colors and forms. 

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